Übersetzung im Kontext von „odd“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: odd number, it's odd, odd-numbered, odd and even, rather odd. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "it's odd" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung im Kontext von „odd“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: odd number, it's odd, odd-numbered, odd and even, rather odd.
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Odd Deutsch VideoOddbods Cartoon Full Episode 2017 ❤ 57 ❤ Oddbods English Compilation Episodes For Children Such plasmas composed of matter and anti-matter hold promise of extraordinary properties. Er wirkt seltsamist aber ein wunderbarer Lehrer. Am Anfang wirkt das etwas euro liga finale. Ich verspüre einen Vorwurf, was seltsam ist. Doch irgendetwas verschreckte ihn und es tauchte ein seltsames Video von einem aufgebrachten Kiril auf, einzahlung paypal dem er darüber sprach, das Schach stuttgart aufzugeben und dass er nicht die Absicht hätte, wieder auch nur in die Nähe der Rampage-Location zu kommen. So zum Beispiel, wenn man sich die Gewinnchancen bei einem Pferderennen anschaut, sagen sie beinahe exakt voraus, wie hoch die Wahrscheinlichkeit ist, dass ein Pferd gewinnt. Contributions to this site:
deutsch odd -So what kind of odds does France have when faced with the Chinese giant? Nicht ein zuschlagendes Glücksgefühl im Augenblick der Zerstörung, sondern das Gefühl, das man hat, wenn die Welt nach und nach verschwindet und man eine merkwürdige Zufriedenheit verspürt, dieses ist, wie ich meine, nur in Europa möglich, und deswegen mag ich Europa. Beispiele für die Übersetzung Das ungewöhnliche ansehen 3 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen. Insgesamt wurden nur 14 davon als gut genug betrachtet, an einer von der Dänsichen Gesellschaft für Kunsthandwerk arrangierten Ausstellung teilzunehmen. A paradox, also because here a very young photographer outs himself as an odd , enlightened romantic by decelerating that which is left over from the accelerated world.. Es klingt seltsam , wenn du mich so nennst. The paper finds it quite odd that 8 of those 14 pipes were stamped G. Something spooked him however and an odd video emerged of an upset Kiril discussing how he was going to quit riding and had no intention of going anywhere near the Rampage site again. Britisches Englisch Amerikanisches Englisch odd lots statistic Statistik über die Börsenaufträge , die eine nicht durch teilbare Anzahl von Aktien enthalten.
However, some diseases may be so rare that, in all likelihood, even a large random sample may not contain even a single diseased individual or it may contain some, but too few to be statistically significant.
This would make it impossible to compute the RR. But, we may nevertheless be able to estimate the OR, provided that , unlike the disease, the exposure to the childhood injury is not too rare.
Of course, because the disease is rare, this is then also our estimate for the RR. Looking at the final expression for the OR: Now note that this latter odds can indeed be estimated by random sampling of the population—provided, as we said, that the prevalence of the exposure to the childhood injury is not too small, so that a random sample of a manageable size would be likely to contain a fair number of individuals who have had the exposure.
So here the disease is very rare, but the factor thought to contribute to it is not quite so rare; such situations are quite common in practice.
Thus we can estimate the OR, and then, invoking the rare disease assumption again, we say that this is also a good approximation of the RR.
Incidentally, the scenario described above is a paradigmatic example of a case-control study. The same story could be told without ever mentioning the OR, like so: However, it is standard in the literature to explicitly report the OR and then claim that the RR is approximately equal to it.
The odds ratio is the ratio of the odds of an event occurring in one group to the odds of it occurring in another group.
The term is also used to refer to sample-based estimates of this ratio. These groups might be men and women, an experimental group and a control group , or any other dichotomous classification.
If the probabilities of the event in each of the groups are p 1 first group and p 2 second group , then the odds ratio is:. An odds ratio of 1 indicates that the condition or event under study is equally likely to occur in both groups.
An odds ratio greater than 1 indicates that the condition or event is more likely to occur in the first group. And an odds ratio less than 1 indicates that the condition or event is less likely to occur in the first group.
The odds ratio must be nonnegative if it is defined. It is undefined if p 2 q 1 equals zero, i. The odds ratio can also be defined in terms of the joint probability distribution of two binary random variables.
The joint distribution of binary random variables X and Y can be written. However note that in some applications the labeling of categories as zero and one is arbitrary, so there is nothing special about concordant versus discordant values in these applications.
Other measures of effect size for binary data such as the relative risk do not have this symmetry property. In this case, the odds ratio equals one, and conversely the odds ratio can only equal one if the joint probabilities can be factored in this way.
Thus the odds ratio equals one if and only if X and Y are independent. If the odds ratio R differs from 1, then. Once we have p 11 , the other three cell probabilities can easily be recovered from the marginal probabilities.
Suppose that in a sample of men, 90 drank wine in the previous week, while in a sample of women only 20 drank wine in the same period.
The odds of a man drinking wine are 90 to 10, or 9: The detailed calculation is:. This example also shows how odds ratios are sometimes sensitive in stating relative positions: The logarithm of the odds ratio, the difference of the logits of the probabilities , tempers this effect, and also makes the measure symmetric with respect to the ordering of groups.
One approach to inference uses large sample approximations to the sampling distribution of the log odds ratio the natural logarithm of the odds ratio.
If we use the joint probability notation defined above, the population log odds ratio is. If we observe data in the form of a contingency table.
The sample log odds ratio is. The distribution of the log odds ratio is approximately normal with:. The standard error for the log odds ratio is approximately.
This is an asymptotic approximation, and will not give a meaningful result if any of the cell counts are very small. An alternative approach to inference for odds ratios looks at the distribution of the data conditionally on the marginal frequencies of X and Y.
An advantage of this approach is that the sampling distribution of the odds ratio can be expressed exactly. Logistic regression is one way to generalize the odds ratio beyond two binary variables.
Suppose we have a binary response variable Y and a binary predictor variable X , and in addition we have other predictor variables Z 1 , If we use multiple logistic regression to regress Y on X , Z 1 , Specifically, at the population level.
In many settings it is impractical to obtain a population sample, so a selected sample is used. In this situation, our data would follow the following joint probabilities:.
This shows that the odds ratio and consequently the log odds ratio is invariant to non-random sampling based on one of the variables being studied.
Note however that the standard error of the log odds ratio does depend on the value of f. In both these settings, the odds ratio can be calculated from the selected sample, without biasing the results relative to what would have been obtained for a population sample.
Due to the widespread use of logistic regression , the odds ratio is widely used in many fields of medical and social science research.
The odds ratio is commonly used in survey research , in epidemiology , and to express the results of some clinical trials , such as in case-control studies.
It is often abbreviated "OR" in reports. When data from multiple surveys is combined, it will often be expressed as "pooled OR". In clinical studies, as well as in some other settings, the parameter of greatest interest is often the relative risk rather than the odds ratio.
If the absolute risk in the control group is available, conversion between the two is calculated by: Odds ratios have often been confused with relative risk in medical literature.
For non-statisticians, the odds ratio is a difficult concept to comprehend, and it gives a more impressive figure for the effect. This may reflect the simple process of uncomprehending authors choosing the most impressive-looking and publishable figure.
This is known as the 'invariance of the odds ratio'. In contrast, the relative risk does not possess this mathematical invertible property when studying disease survival vs.
This phenomenon of OR invertibility vs. RR non-invertibility is best illustrated with an example:. As one can see, a RR of 0.
In contrast, an OR of 0. This is again what is called the 'invariance of the odds ratio', and why a RR for survival is not the same as a RR for risk, while the OR has this symmetrical property when analyzing either survival or adverse risk.
Child- focused problem solving skills training program aims to teach the child new skills and cognitive processes that teach how deal with negative thoughts, feelings and actions.
According to randomized trials evidence shows that parent management training is most effective. Parent-child interaction training is intended to coach the parents while involving the child.
This training has two phases. The first phase being child-directed interaction, whereby it is focused on teaching the child non directive play skills.
The second phase is parent directed interaction, where the parents are coached on aspects including clear instruction, praise for compliance, and time-out noncompliance.
The parent-child interaction training is best suited for elementary aged children. Parent and family treatment has a low financial cost, that can yield an increase in beneficial results.
Multimodal intervention is an effective treatment that looks at different levels including family, peers, school, and neighbourhood. It is an intervention that concentrates on multiple risk factors.
The focus is on parent training, classroom social skills, and playground behaviour program. The intervention is intensive and addresses barriers to individuals improvement such as parental substance abuse or parental marital conflict.
An impediment to treatment includes the nature of the disorder itself, whereby treatment is often not complied with and is not continued or stuck with for adequate periods of time.
Oppositional defiant disorder can be described as a term or disorder with lots of different pathways in regard to comorbidity.
A high importance must be given to the representation of ODD as a distinct psychiatric disorder independent of construct disorder. In the context of oppositional defiant disorder and comorbidity with other disorders, researchers often conclude that ODD co-occurs with an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD , anxiety disorders , emotional disorders as well as mood disorders.
Indirect consequences of ODD can also be related or associated with a later mental disorder. For instance, conduct disorder is often studied in connection with ODD.
A strong comorbidity can be observed within those two disorders but an even higher connection with ADHD in relations to ODD can be seen.
This will be reflected in their academic path as students. The ratio of this prevalence is 1. One of these factors is the socioeconomic status.
Youths living in families of low socioeconomic status have a higher prevalence. Since the introduction of ODD as an independent disorder, the field trials to inform the definition of this disorder have included predominantly male subjects.
Some clinicians have debated whether the diagnostic criteria presented above would be clinically relevant for use with females. Furthermore, some have questioned whether gender-specific criteria and thresholds should be included.
Additionally, some clinicians have questioned the preclusion of ODD when conduct disorder is present. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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